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3 ,  
19.04.2009
e aa 1

PMBOK 4 pea. Peo o?

Bap ao

Haoee a poeccoa o Microsoft Office Project CH (MS Project MVP)

e Coea Cpaeecx apepo Microsoft o pae poea (Microsoft EPM PAC)

opoee o paeco cooa eo PMBOK4 poex cpoex poeax coee ya a Koepe 12 a

Oaee

Beee
ep c pyooee papao PMBOK 4 pea
o ae a ypaee popaa opee eo (Introduction)
Hoe opaaoe peoa (Organization)
PMBOK 4 - Hoa oco epaoo ypae poea (Project Life Cycle)
Kpa ecx cepo PMI oe "ooaa" PMBOK 3
PMBOK 4 pape poe "coecoc" eoecx papaoo PMI Microsoft
ee ocox pax oeo ypae poea
Hooe ypae coepae poea: poo coca peaea
Hoe a ypae epcoao (Human Resource Management)
Koya ooo ypo: ee cexoepo cycce ee (Project Communications Management)
paee pca. PMI pa oooc eoa PERT peyeca eo Moe Kapo.
paee aya e "ecoo" oe (Project Procurement Management)
ocec PMBOK 4 ex o copaec caa a PMP
ee cc ceac yc o PMBOK 3?
Ka apepa Microsoft eo pe PMBOK 4
cooa aaa PMBOK 4 a caap ye ceac?
eppye MSF MS Project PMBOK 4

 

Bopoc aaa pee o ypae poea o PMBOK 4 

o xoa 4 pea PMBOK ocac cae ec. Oao paec e oopo PMBOK 4 Pocc, a pyeo. Ec opaoa Google, o ooo cpo ye, o ceac aee ca o cpae oop PMBOK 3 PMBOK 4 e pe. Hecyao ao oop e pecae Microsoft EPM PAC, .. y aee PMBOK 4 ec a ocee o oey cooec eo PMI Microsoft. aoap copyecy PMI Microsoft EPM PAC oo ae oop a o.

Aa PMBOK 4 ycoe o ocoeco, o pe e ee ooo ceppoaoo ceaca o PMBOK 4 e ooo peepa, oop ooo xo ooo PMP o PMBOK 4. B ax ycox eo a cepa, oop oe yeeo oaa co poeccoa PMBOK 4. Te e eee o ec. o aop PMBOK 4 PMBOK 3. M pee x ee. Tae pee oe epax cepo PMI ceapyxc a epax eoax c c oo ocoe PMBOK 4. Kopopa Microsoft oe e ee cepa PMI o eaope yy ee ca a Microsoft.com yy ee Microsoft Press, pee ee ee. K coae poeypa epaae pa EPM PAC pye cooae opa Microsoft, oao pee eoxoe yaa a coecoc eooo Microsoft Solution Framework PMBOK 4. 

Coe ee oop a opoc, oee a x a oe o coey ycope. B cocae ao ca e oe oo pyooe epaoo oee PMI o pae Ba epe (PMP), eo oeap o py opoco pee oope.

Cpaa PMBOK 3 PMBOK 4 eeo ca opoc, oope ye opo cypyc:

1) Moo ca, o PMBOK 4 o pao pyo ypoe, ec PMBOK 4 o a yaee ex paeo cea ae oe cpae?

Aop PMBOK 4 ca, o o e "epepypoa" opa e oee eaoe pacpe  PMBOK 3, a pae oe ee. C ep pyooc  papao PMBOK 4 coee oaoc e. Tae coaop peaop PMBOK 3 cae, o ee eca cyecee a oeyao ypoe. C pyo copo Ba epe oeae, o p epexoe c PMBOK 2 a PMBOK 3 ae ceao oeco ee, o eo oe caapa o e eo.

2)  He pe co oe epee PMBOK 4 oy, o cape yee ypc eoece apao pey oo epee?

B pe ce copo ocyae PMBOK 4 coac c e, o ypc e oopx oeo cee cepa PMP pey apao epee. Tae oco coaco o o eeap ocoa ypae poea oo coxpa cape aepa. Ooceo eoecx apaoo a ypoe peaeo ec pae o pe acoc o pa cyeceoc ee PMBOK 4. 

3) Ca PMBOK 4 ce  a poo eee a popao-eoece pee opepoa a IT-exoo?

B PMBOK 4 o pay cce cycceoo eea. Moe poeccoa o epe IT-cce y, o xopoo aoe p epaoc ee aa a pooax ea PMBOK 4 "coec" c oco copeex eo ypae poea oac cox exoo.

C pyo copo Ba epe oeae, o PMBOK 3 xo e pacpae eoecx aceo pee ax exoo, o e apeae x. 

4) Boe oo, o p poee epe caoo poeoo ypae yo ceoa PMBOK.  Ceye oo o PMBOK 4   acpa oye oxo a "oe" ep poo, o ocoeco o ceac epee poeoo ypae o PMBOK 3 aco eec ooo eeo? 

Ha opoc aoy yo oe caocoeo aeo y, o e a co oe PMBOK 4. 

Koeo oe peoa o oa paoa, o epe o ao po. Ha poc opa pe pecypc a aaa o PMBOK 4, o a y aee oa paoaa o PMBOK 4 oyae cyecee peyeca oe y o oeca pco ypae poea. B o ce poee epe caoo poeoo ypae.

Ba ceye p peee o o acoo oo cooa cape yee eoece  aepa cee xoa PMBOK 4 caocoeo.

ep c pyooee papao PMBOK 4 pea

ya ye aa oop PMBOK 4 c e aopo opae.

Cynthia Stackpole, ec pyooee poea o papaoe PMBOK 4 pea.

B oee ocope eo c ee ep oyoaoe a YouTube. ep a aco e, o caeo oe o caa, o ooe ae p ax ox ax o o e e pe. 

o ae a ypaee popaa opee eo (Introduction)

pcy aay oo epc PMBOK.

Boa ac cpe poeo coep ooo e ae a ypaee popaa poeo ope poeo. pe ypaee popaa a o o cxee e caoc ao eoooeco ac.

M ae coe pa oe ee a oceecoe cooae popa poeo opopax, ooy cea Turbo Project oepy pao c popaa.

Ho PMBOK o oo ac ocae oo cae oe p ypae popaa poeo ope poeo. eo o, o PMI oo oee eoece peoea o opeoy popaoy ypae. e ecye oea cepa a popaoe opeoe ypaee (PgMP, Program Management Professional).

Cepa PgMP ye ee ooo 100 ceaco pe. p ope oe cepa PMI a yo opeec, o eeep poea e ope eeep?

Hoe opaaoe peoa (Organization)

Ho PMBOK co epepaoa o paoe c aepecoa a poee x cao aoo oe, oac ae ceae poecc ea cexoepo. Kpoe oo eca aa o oo ac PMBOK papaee oaoce cexoepo, apep epeaa y aa ope eeepa. Ka ecoo oaac o cpay e caec a cae poea pyx acx.

PMBOK 4 - Hoa oco epaoo ypae poea (Project Life Cycle)

To o PMBOK 4 ca e poco yyee o o o ee o oo oeyao ac. o oo PMBOK epoo ocaac y e eceo cepex eo, oopa ea pacpoe ocae oo oceoaeoo ypaee aa poeo, o ecoo a eoa ooaa (waterfall).

Booa ceye py, o e aa oy ay eao peyy. Taoe ec oo PMBOK

PMBOK 4 Example of a Three Phase Project

Ho ec ee ooe - epepe a poea. Ha pcye peac pep epep a o poepoa cpoecy ycope oee ooo aoa.

PMBOK 4 Example of a Project With Overlapping Phases

Bce o oaae, o PMBOK 4 eep epe copeee epae eo ypae poea.

Meoa ooaa opao oea 1970 oy oce ya Bcoa Poca (Winston Royce).

Copeee eo ypae poea ae a Microsoft Solution Framework, Rational Unified Processes  Agile epae, .e. opayea oopa opa aa yye peyao poea. Aoa a c ocae eo, a ae aoa e o aope c ocae paecx peo PMI, oe oopx cooecy e PMBOK 3, a eo PMBOK 4 oee poec o oope.

Ba epe cae, o ocoy oo ac PMBOK 3 o yoae o epaoc, ooy ceye PMBOK 4 paccapa a cepeoe yoee paee copypoax e, o e a paoe oeco.  Oe cep o pa e PMBOK 3 caocoeo ox ooe, a PMBOK 4 oo opao acpoaa aa paa.

Kpa ecx cepo PMI oe "ooaa" PMBOK 3

oee aeope coaop copeaop PMBOK 3 epc Ma pc (PMP). Coaop peaop PMBOK 3 cae, o epaoc o paoe eee PMBOK 4. B oee oaoc c eo ee ao cae: PMBOK 4: This Time It's Iterative!

Ma e oo coaop PMBOK 3, o o ocooooo oypo eo Agile, e epaoc oeya oe. Heyeo ooy, o Ma cae, o PMBOK 4 oe epaoc o ee ae ee oe pac Agile.

Bopoc o epaoc ecyao ec a oeya, .. ee oco ee poeo. Me Cep (PMP) coe cae o cpae PMBOK 3 c Agile yaae, o oco PMBOK 3 "cea opoa" o ca a (plan driven), a epax eoax "cea opoa" o acaoe yoeopee aaa paax cpoaoo ea cpoo (value driven). Me y eoooecy pay eocppye ceye cxeo ecoo peyoa "cpo-e-oe pao". Ha cxee Waterfall oaae oxo "ooaa" PMBOK 3, a Agile eocppye epay apay ypae poea.

pc Cep ece cep PMI, a ae eye ceac epax eoax ypae poea, ooy a oey epaoc PMBOK ye x o e coe. o x e PMBOK 3 opepoa oc coe cea (exaa) ye ecoo apoa, p o e cpo aa -a eex pco. epae eo ocoo oppepy coepae poea (scope) a ce oo oy yepac cpoax cpoax eax, p o ecoo epa oe ocyo oee aeco. B epax eoax ae cpye o coae pooa, oo cpo oppepoa eppoa oac oxaa. B acoc, papaoa pooa - oeee cpeco o ope c e pca ca c ee oa poepoa "yax" ceax.

epae eo ypae poea ococy o cex ax poeo, e 3aa oo oo e peoa ccee, o oc co ypoe yoeope, a ae yepa poe cpoax ee. Hapep, epee oca opaox cce epao. Microsoft peye o apepo epa cocoo ep cce ypae poea a ae Microsoft Project pe ceay oa eo Microsoft Solution Framework.

Microsoft Solution Framework xopoo coec c Agile, ae a cae Microsoft ec ooe ao peoea. Heyeo, o poe o epa c eoa PMBOK 3 ca cxo. Oe MSF o Agile ocoo acaec oee cooo ypo oyepoaoc poecco MSF.

PMBOK 4 pape poe "coecoc" eoecx papaoo PMI Microsoft

ocoy PMBOK 3 e a o opoo ocaa oepa  epaoc papao pooa, o oe oe pa coye epae eo ooo ocopoo pe PMBOK 3 oaa eyy po epa eoa a a Agile Microsoft Solution Framework. opae a cooae PMBOK pe , .. yy apepo Microsoft e o o o y oppoa aapoaoo Microsoft Solution Framework c oo eoec apaoa.  

Xo ec oo peoe cepo a peopaoa oe PMBOK 3 epae eo (c. ae peoe Cep - "paradigm shift"), a pae "cae apa" ao poco e pocxoo.

Oe oe  a oe o epe Microsoft Project o o y oaa o eoecx papaoo Microsoft coa cocex eoecx papaoo, o ooc cooecoa PMBOK 3. Ha ypoe ao pao, oepeco peoe a epee MS Project 3aa e e 4 aa MSF o epe MS Project, xo poe o oo oaeo o cepaoo ccee Microsoft ypae poea. Oe oe o ceac ay co a epe cce ypae poea yec, o epa eooo PMBOK 3 MSF ce coce e a ao a xoeoc.

Haaeoe o ay yoee o cooa MSF o epe MS Project oaae, o paoop o oo coecoc PMBOK 3 MSF e oee e paoop. pe oe, "epa" ecoo caapo ae ceo caoc opee eoece apao Microsoft a ooee pa coe pyx epe MS Project, peoap peaeo Microsoft, peoap aoo, a pao copoae c ycex epe  .. ..  oa eoa acpaoo copa "o ox" pepaaec opee cyecee y.

C xoo PMBOK 4 opae a epaoc oaa eep pa "MSF PMBOK?" e peyec. PMI  "e-pe" PMBOK 4 eaye epae oxo oe poecc, a y aee, aapoa eo o epaoe ypaee poea. ooy apep Microsoft oy ceo cooa apao MSF e yaca yepa, o o caap oxo PMI, pe e o, a coo e a a Boa.

PMBOK 4 a eycceo ope oepy epax eoo coa pooa, ye aae pea oo ocoe oeco ox copoo p PMI. B oeapx cae pca copo epaoo Agile oop o PMBOK 4 a o "oe ceeo oyxa" ypae poea.

Ka copo  Microsoft Solution Framework ( aapoao epc epe Microsoft EPM) oo oepa oe PMBOK 4 a oo oco ypae poea. Ka y eep PMBOK 4 coep oca oox oxoo. Ceye oe, o Microsoft a o epax apepo cocopo PMI po ocaoo cepee yc co coe copo "oeo coecoc" epaoo MSF ooo PMBOK 4.

peeceoc "capx" epax eoo ypae poea PMBOK 4 

O ce ae oy oa, o pooocaee oceeoo yoe eoa Bo c epa eoa eepo. o eo pax cyae ypae poea. Boo opoae apa ypae poea. Hapep, opoe poepoa oe c cpoa cpoo eo ecc epao, a opoe cpoeca oe oc o eoe "ooaa". Tao opoa apa oepaec Turbo Project.

Kpoe oo epae eo oy ca cooa eo "Bo". ocoy ca cpoa ea xopoo coeca c po epaoo ee, o eaa ox poeo "Boo" cepxy- oo xopoo paoae, a a ypoe opoeo ye ococye epaoc ooc. Hae oox opao cpoa ea aa Rational Unified Processes ooe o epao eoe ea ee a Boo ( cooa o p ccee oppoa Turbo Project).

ooy paccapa PMBOK 4 a opae capoo oa eepo. Haoopo, "cape" eo yce o epa. 

ee ocox pax ypaex poea (Project Integration Management)

cee oeo (peapeoo) oca  cocaa pao

Poccca pa epe poeoo ypae o caaa cocaee yao "Koe ypae poea".

B PMBOK 3 aoo o e, o ec oye "peapeoe ocae coepa"  (Preliminary Project Scope Statement), oop oaa cey oco xapaepca:

- ocae peyao poea e eao ope oo a epxe ypoe
- ocae oo ox peoa poecca 

Ec ca, o poeoe ypaee epec oe o PMBOK, o oco "Koe" c o eapa oaa o pa Preliminary Project Scope Statement.

B pe pyoo apaa PMBOK 3 e peycopeo, peapeoe ocae coepae o ece o oyeo. Tae ooo oe oye a "apoa coepa" (Scope Planning).  

B PMBOK 4 yae Preliminary Project Scope Statement Scope Planning. B pe ox oyeo poe caa eo e ocaoc, ce ocaoe oe opee peae oopx PMBOK 4 ae eoe ocae coepa.

B c c cae opoc. He ec paa cocae acpax "Koe" eoeco oo cee peoa PMBOK 4?

He oaae , o ocya o c acpax "Koe" epe poeypa oyea oca pao oo paee PMBOK 4 o copy peoa (Collect Requirements)?

Ka y PMBOK 4 ooo coo oocoa ae acpax "Koe" poee epe poeoo ypae a peyaax poecco PMBOK 4 o-o oxoee.

Ba epe cox oeapx oeae, o PMBOK 4 e ec ooo pay ox cepo. Oe cep o xoa PMBOK 4 peoa eapoa oe o peax poex oyeo (progressive elaboration). ooy oee ox peoa eaa oo apee "e-pe", o ye "e-ao" cao pao y poeccoao. 

Kocya PM Consulting Services e ca e paooe aae "Koe", o ce ce acpae ooe o coepa oye ca aee oy o ocao Collect Requirements. 

Ceee aeo cae poea o aa copoy coa aopea eeepy poea 

oe ee ocyc caa poea. ca poea o oye opao aopy ayc poea.

B PMBOK 3 a cao cpaac poeypa aa, PMBOK 4 o eeo. Bo oo ac PMBOK 4 oo poa o, o ye ao eco e o ca ae a aaa o epe Microsoft EPM: aa o eo opeoo eeepa. PMBOK e ye c peoea o opeoy popaoy ypae. Cooeceo PMBOK 4 eca oceoaeo oc ca poea o y aa.

ce ce yoae opaaoe peoa caa poea. caa ceo peoae oca opaa ec (ROI), .. ce o pocxo o caa o ce ROI-aa o eo opeoo eeepa (c. . 2.3.3 PMBOK 4). B PMBOK 4 ooo eo poca pa poe ec oope a eo paa PMBOK 4 e xo.

PMBOK eepo pea

ca PMBOK 4 o opaoe oepee ye poo pee, a e poecc pao aoo pee.

ocoy peapeoe coepae aypoao, o ca e oe peoa poey poyy, o oe pao e (high-level).

Coca caa o PMBOK 4 a (ypco oee ee ooceo PMBOK3, o cex yax paccaao e):

  • e poea
  • epee pep yceoc poea
  • Kpaoe oee ox peoa
  • Kpaoe oee oca cy poea
  • Kpaoe oee xapaepc poya poea
  • Kee ex o cpoa poea
  • Opepoo e
  • Tpeoa ccee yepe peyao poea o peae, o poe yceo aepe
  • Meeep poea, eo ooo oeceoc
  • oe epee c yaae x oeceoc a poe 

Ceye oe, o ec cep PMI o aope cox ax (c. oop Microsoft Press) opypye ca ae a PMBOK 4 ay y o, o  ae eeepa poea ac poeocppoa aepecoa a, o y eeepa poea ca oepa cocopa (ypaopa). o aope oeae, o poea eca ao o  eeep cyae po cocopa (ypaopa) caocoeo aca ac caa poea. o eocpa ypo oep eeepy poea. PMBOK 4 oe ay aay oo cocopy ooo poco o cy poea.

B ye 2.3.2 PMBOK 4 po cocopa (ypaopa) cocae caa eep ooaea. Bo ee PMBOK 3 o yaao o ey papaoe caa o oaa o ypae poea (project management team), PMBOK 4 a cca ypaa. Tae o PMBOK 4 cocaee epe ocox peyao caa (Statement of Work, SOW) o eep ca pe cocopa. B SOW a PMBOK 3 xo: eapa opeoc opaa, oe peoa poyy poea cooece cpaeec e opaa.

Booo eo e oeo oee cocopa acae caa ae aa opaee o, o papao caa ypa cpye oopa poeo ae eooo poeoo eeea. eceo cocop eae ooae op eoo coceo cepo oe. ooy oo o eo ocae PMBOK 4 papaoe caa.

Koepy poecc o cocae caa poea PMBOK 4 Ba epe coaee, o aop PMBOK 4 o o y paee y opeoo eeepa (cepa PgPM) eeepa poea (cepa PMP). o e Baa paa ox opaa o aa poea paax caoo poea, eep PMBOK 4 e oepae ao coco aa.  

poeypa cocae caa poea ooc epepaoaa paec e ee eo oeo c PMBOK 3 

poeypa c oo copo ecoo pa ypoea o cy oepa, o c pyo copo oc oe oeyae oe.

Business Case eep ece a pee cocae cocae caa. B eo xo: apoc pa, opeoc eca, apoc eo, exooece peyeca o poea, cooece aooaecy coa opeoc.

Baoc caoo opaa ceea c 1o o 3o popea. 

Be a ca aopo pep (Enterprise Environment Factors) peo copaeo o caapo, opaaoo cpyyp pox yco.

Peo copaeo e  opaaox ao (Organization Process Assets) a ca o caapo, aoa caa opa o peyx aaox poeax.

B ce cepo yacyx cae PMBOK 4 epe poeappoa Oc pae poea ye cep o eae poea. Hao, o o PMBOK 4 c poeypa ycaa coco cepo oe, ocae poeyp yae.

Be caa  a pye poecc PMBOK ae ooc epecopeo c c oee ox poecco o copy peoa ea aepecoax .

PMI PMBOK 4 pea. ca poea 

Moo eep cooa eoece apao o cocae  caa ceae PMBOK 3? Ha o e a ocya papaoa o ao caa epepaoa peae ee pao a ao ae.

Booo coacec   c pyo oo pe, o ee PMBOK 4 ecyece oo cooa cape apao. 

yee poeyp 3ap. 3ap o aa ape opao a ay

B PMBOK 4 eea eoo poeyp ap. ap poea eo eep poeypa paoae ocoo apa oee a. Ceye oe o o ceoae pea ee a pe. B pyx oopax MicrosoftProject.ru oeeo ceee pa copoy ox popa ypoeo, oope coco oeca opoeo,   ax ycox poeypa ap a o aco ape opoea.

Ba epe oeae, o oe cep o ye pao ox ooe PMBOK 3 cooa ae e poeyp ap a PMBOK 4, paa aaac oo o, o "e-pe" caap e poca opooc ax poecco. 

B PMBOK 4 poeypa ap ceaa oee ececeo. cao poeyp ypao oe acpaoo ap ap opaa. Tae ap opaa ypao epeeoe cooae "eooo" opaox cce. Koeo peee o ap pa e eooo e IT-cce, o oo cepa oea.

oc poecc o ap opao ay.

Ca poecc ap opao ay ooo xopoo poca. M a o ocaoc aee. 

Hooe ypae coepae poea (Scope Management)

PMBOK 4 epe oca poecc ee aaecx pao

B paee o ypae coepae oa ee a peeceoc c copee eoa epe popao-eoecx pee oaaa co cy.

o e PMBOK 3 a aao o ypae coepae? Scope Planning - apoae coepa. opayeaoc, o yo oca poecc o oooe coepa poea.

Ec epeo ac PMBOK 3, o oae oo opoco e oeo.

Ko oe pya poee pee poea?

Ka oe pya poee pee?

Ka poep aeco poex pee o x peaa?

Bce o opoc e oeo. Beco oo peoea oca poecc apoa coepa. 

B PMBOK 4 ya ooc Scope Planning. B c c opoca e, ceye ca, o eoece apao ceae cpoo cooec c  PMBOK 3 coepa cepee eoca o ee aaecx pao?

o ooo cepe opoc. o e Baa epea ce aceo o caoo ocyaa. Oe ocya pacpa ooc coca poex oyeo x paa acpoaa PMBOK 4. B oe pe ocya o opac  oo o ooe, PMBOK 3 o e apea.

Ta o e yo oe aoy caocoeo y o poecc copa peoa poey (Collect Requirements) ae Scope Planning.

Teep oaocx ocyaa o ypae poea eao peoa epe ooe oeco ceax epop. o e oe e paoa, .. ccac a peoa PMBOK 4 aa eep coy o ocyao oy oee aecee peaee oye. o-cy PMBOK 4 eep oe o po a CH y cpoee, oa yo a aepa apxeopa e oo pace oe px pee, o ae ea. Aaoo pey coe yaa PMBOK 4 oo o ocyaa eep oy aoo oe ope.

PMBOK 4 o ooo cepe aop epop o e peoa poey.

  • ep
  • py cepo-cexoepo o oee (Focus Group)
  • Teaece cecc (Facilitated Workshop). opa cecc: "cep ooae".
  • Kpeae ex p pee papee oo epeco cexoepo, o ce ex p pee eco a oco.
  • Opoc
  • Haee a oee poecca peaoc, a e oo o yaa
  • poo

ee pooa. epaoe eo yp poecco PMBOK 4

Ke ec oce cce - poo. B 2008 oy oe aa ee e oa, o opaoa eoece pe oo a yae e, y ecye oe, oope eppy e eo eocppy c oea pee. pe poo o eo aaec cpye e peoa, a e ca peaa ax-o peoa.

poo cpeac PMBOK 3 eoopx oeapx, o a pea cpye (Tools & Techniques) e ac oo poecco PMBOK 3. Ka aaec cpye PMBOK 3 e poo e paccapac ae a ypoe aea.

oee pooa Collect Requirement oe pa a oe poeo o epe caoo poeoo ypae. Coaco PMBOK 4 poo opaoo cce ypae poea oe pee a aaec cpye cpay oce caa poea o co peaea papao oeyax oyeo.

B c c cae coa a opoc. He ec eya paa aca "Koe" e poep x a oex-pooax cepeo eoeco oo?

Oe, o oe eye oca pee o PMBOK 4 e paoa e pooo, apep cep Primavera e poopoa e oe peaea. M ocyae poo ae. 

PMBOK 4. Coca peaeo oyea epeca acpae

Oe a c peya ca oex aaecx pao o e peoa.

 

Ocae peoa cexoepo (Stakeholder Requirements Documentation)

  • ae ec-poe yaec pape  poyo poea
  • cooece ee poea eca
  • yoae peoa a ocae ec-poecco aoece c oe poyo poea
  • peoa aecy
  • ocae oppe opaaoo cpyyp
  • ocae ee eyx ec-poeccax
  • peoa o execo oepe oye

Ka oa opea ax acpax co. Tae oe poeccoa ae, o PMBOK 4 a oopyee oo aop oca peoa xapaep ox eo ypae poea cox exoo.

O e cpay cae opoc. oco eoec papaoo PMBOK 3 e e aoo eoo epe ocaoox oyeo. Ee o xoa PMBOK 4 caapax Microsoft Consulting Services  oaeoe eoe oepoae cex ec-poecco cao oae.

Oao oe eoece apao PMBOK 3 eappy oo p, o e coepa ax opex oaox oca. Ceye oa ca, o apao ceae o PMBOK 3 e apapy aay ypoe eaa pee acpoa PMBOK 4? 

a ypae peoa (Requirements Management Plan)

a oye ocae a peoa yy apoac, oeac a o ye cao c oypae poea. Ha ep o-o oxoee a yoe Scope Planning o ec, o p cpae coepa cec o o e a.

Scope Planning oaeo peoa peapeoo oca coepa, a ye oeaoc o yaeo PMBOK 4.

Scope Planning ooc oaa oceae  coepa oypao eee.

Requirements Management Plan peye papaoa ceay poeypy o apoa, ocea oeoc peoax poey. B PMBOK 4 oepaec c c ypae ee, o oeaec, o o eep oea poeypa. 

Mapa pacopa peoa (Requirements Traceability Matrix)

Mapa oo a peoa yy opae a WBS, oca poya ccee opo aeca. ooo a oye, oop ooe eo pacoppoa peya oceoa pae oye poea.

poa ce oe poeyp oye o aa cee opoc. capeo ce o ceao PMBOK 3 ypae coepae, a e oee peoa?

M ce oe, o ycapeo epeea ao oyeo poecco

Hoe a ypae epcoao (Human Resource Management)

Oeo PMBOK 4 ye eca oape oo cepa PMP. Moe pae ee cxoe c PMBOK 3. Oao p aeo e oocee ee pa, a oope oeo yy "ec" opoc oo aee. Ho ae ex oo PMBOK 4 o cpao a o ypae poea ooo eo e ae ce pae pacxoe c PMBOK 3.

Be cxoec eca oaa. Pae o ypae epcoao a pa ao. oce eoo pocopa oo e ae o. A ec ac, o oaec, o y ce apao oeoc.

Hoe a epcoaa (Interpersonal skills, Soft Skills) PMBOK 3 ye poeappoa o oo ac. B PMBOK 4 o ocae o ay ya. oae o a o eepa pee  (Effective Decision Making). ooo eo poe ccy a poee X, e ce a pacca.

Ka eo oaac, poyc "eo" ae c xopo ae PMBOK 3 o ae PMP e ca.

Koya ooo ypo: ee cexoepo cycce ee (Project Communications Management)

Meo oapye ex (Identify Stakeholders)

B PMBOK 3 cyecoao peooee, o ce aepecoae a poea c ca ca x e yo.

B peaoc ao oxo e ea cexoeo oepa poe cepe pca. Moe cexoep ye poey e oeae po poea caocoeo epoc. B peyae oo o e oy oepy a e oa ooa, a ae oy yap cy o poo poea.

Microsoft po coe cace, o 80% p poaa epe poeoo ypae o copoee epcoaa.

B c c cpay opoc. ec ocyce ax pao o ea aepecoax cepe eoec eocao PMBOK 3 ypae oyae ypae pca?

Ba epe oeae, o xo PMBOK 3 e poca ee poecc o ea cexoepo yey x p ypae pca, o PMBOK 3 paec ao paee a oa cca a eoxooc ae a aepecoax ("Stakeholders Management is critical for success"). Oe cep ecop a ocyce eax yaa PMBOK 3 caocoeo papaaa cooa eo o ea aepecoax cooa x ax ypae pca. ooy PMBOK 4 e oc ooo pay cepo cooo ypo, o cpye "e-pe" ay pay a ypoe caapa.

Coa Baa oepae ec cep PMI o aope, coe e oa cpay e po eo ea cexoepo a a o ceao PMBOK 4.

o PMBOK 4  ece o ea cexoepo oc cpaeec xapaep poea oo pooc a cax epx aax, paec oopeeo c coae caa poea. 

PMBOK 4 ea aepecoax

 

Ho Pecp cexoepo ooo eoe cpeco x e pao cpae pao c .

Tae oe e eo acca aepecoax   op a x ocoe pao cpae pao c .

apaa e ooe pa oay cpae acoc o oooce (Power) epeca (Interest) cexoepa.

PMBOK 4 Power Interest Grid

Oeoc o coe poo a ae cycceoo eea (Report Performance)

B PMBOK 3 oe coa o o, o eoxo e oeoc o coe poea c poopoae pa poea.

B PMBOK 4 o aooc oee e opeo. PMI a oopyee eoy poopoa a ae cycceoo eea ecy a Bpeee P (Time Series Method). pe aa eoa poopoa caec eep aoo co a epo ece cce cpyeo.

peee cpyeap aoo  ypo oaae, o yaoe ypaee poea ocaoc poo.

Ceye oe, o op Time Series oaae o a PMBOK 4 paoa eceo poeccoa coaeo ypo IT-exoox.

Microsoft ca oepa eoy poopoa Time Series oo 2005 oy, o ae o a paa oaae coy epceoc oo pee.

B a oe c oae Cceaa oe paece opa, oopo peec exoo poopoa Time Series.

Xo ceppoa Microsoft a epee aoo cpyeap poopoa aao a apoc ea opeapoa ooo ceec.

paa poa cce cycceoo eea aco a oa poa oex apoo. B cce o e coace o o "pyo", o ooc oac aac e cae o ye ao cce epcoa c oopco cee.

Bce o o peaoc ooceo cce cycceoo eea, o Time Series o cee. eo o, o a aop poopoa oe poc cyaa yo oe. oce oocex eocpa y ooc ooaee aoy cpyey.

Texoo opeee oppe aoee Time Series ea eo oe ae, paec o ecea exoo ocpoe peo oppeoc oopo aeaec oaaa. Coceo PMI ecyao pa e ae-o acpae pe, a eo pe Time Series

M pe poopoa a ae Time Series o PMBOK 4 oy epc Turbo Project.

paee pca. PMI cpa PERT Moe Kapo (Risk Management)

B pae o ypae pca o eceo oo ee.

PMI cpa poey c a pco y o copoe epcoaa cea c c Pecpo cexoepo

Ha ea pco ca oae eo SWOT cepa oea

B oceae pco oa ooe epope oopa eyeo cayca poea (status meeting)

B PMBOK 4 cep PMI aoe PERT-eo .... o cy o e aoa. Toee PMI oao a ypoe PMBOK pao pac, oey PERT pee. Bepo yaa e ocoe p. epa o a ooc PERT, a opa, o ca PERT e coo cpeco op c pca, coo ca o cee pc, .. eo oe co oc.

aa PMBOK 4 o PERT c yaae a poe: 

"While such non-interactive models do not take merge bias into account (as Monte Carlo does), they do provide alternative (and more optimistic) approaches for  relative risk of a project."

Ka PMI ocaec copoo oo eoa Moe Kapo. ooae MS Project, e ec oo PERT e co oopac, coy Turbo Project oee oy ccey poopoa a ae Moe Kapo, oopa ae ooc e cpaae o "oo"

paee aya e "ecoo" oe (Project Procurement Management)

B ypae aya co poecco copaoc c 6 o 4:

  • apoae ayo (Plan procurements)
  • poeee ayo (Conduct procurements)
  • Acppoae ayo (Administer procurements)
  • 3ape ayo (Close procurements)

pa poecc o apocy opa y poao, o oae pae eo o ocy poao a cooae epe.

Oao caoe aoe eee o cee oaeoo pee eo ay a ecox oaaex (Weighting System).

Cc o eo PMBOK 3 aac o, o yo pya pep oe ocao, aa acae a o aoy pep. Pacca oe poco pa ocaa c aca ao.

Bpoe oo, xo ae yac eepx oeo aco cee aaa pepo ao opoc e oea: "oey o oy pep ca oey c eco 4, a e cae c eco 5?"

Me pxooc aa a epcoa oye a ypcax o PMBOK 3 pa epe ay eoy ocao epe oe e ocaec a oe pc. pe ca epcoa oa, o y "o-o e a", o oepe PMBOK 3 pao epx.

pa oey oe ecox oaaee oo oo pea o, o o oe oopx opo ocao. coa, ec ayaec o-o aco, o oo o ae cop pox ayo oopa poep ecoe oe. Hapep, Microsoft ee xopoy aey ccey peo cox apepo. Oao aeaoc pea ocpoea a o, o Microsoft pyx coo ee ae o co ypoe apepo ooy oe cea a peax ax poep oppeoc eo ecox oeo ec oe pep eoxoe opa.

Ec e oa eae op (oyy) aoo-o a peo, o peee oe ecox oaaee copee ceo y cepe oa.

O aa opoc o "eopeoc" PMBOK 3 papaoo a eo ae.

Ceye ca, o PMBOK 3 a aoea ooa oe ypae aya o o cpaeo PMBOK 4?

B PMBOK 4 (. 12.2.3.1)  yaa cey poecc cpaeecx ayo.

1) Oopa yx ocao (selected sellers)

2) Peee o oye p o-eeey (senior management)

ao cpaeeco oy a ccea ypae poea o oe epa eoa. epe a oa o a pe ocya peea ocao p peee.

B c c o eee poecco ap PMBOK 4 oc oe poecc o ap ayo.

pmi ape opao

Ka PMBOK 3 oaeo cooae cce oyeooopoa (Records Management System) pao c opaa.

ocec PMBOK 4 ex o copaec caa a PMP

ya ox oye eo ao opoc. Oe poec o, o xoe.

o oey e   e Baa epea ooo oo cepa PMP opeyec epeea cyecyx yex ypco.

Cyecee o ope cocae caa, ee aaecx pao, pao c aepecoa a .. ea poea peee capx yex ypco oo cepa PMP. Pae a ypae epcoao ee cxo c PMBOK 3, a peaoc co epepaoa oac o oece eoe, a oope o pa PMI yy eec a aee.

Ca PMBOK 4 oee ecece ee cpaa "PMIa" epoo P ae pea Ba, a o PMBOK 4 oee xopoo oc pa ypae poea cyecy a peao pae. Opae ae, a eo yoeopee o coa epaoc PMBOK 4 y eeepo, oope coy ae eo coe pae ocoo.

Kpoe oo, a o ae oeape Baa epea PMBOK 4 o oca oe ye pa e peyec oaac a o o e.

Ec xoe oy, e oo cepa, o peae a, o epoo ye a oo epc aea PMP.

Bepoo eo ye ee ca ooy eeepy, .. "PMIo" cae cyeceo ee oo opaac oe coceoy oy.   

C pyo copo ypco o PMBOK 4 ee oo e ye. ooy pya cpae ca PMP o caa ceac acao cpo oa e oee ae o PMBOK 3, .. peoaa ceppoa o ycapee epc PMBOK 3 cpo epeyc a o PMBOK 4 ecoy.

ee cc ceac yc o PMBOK 3?

ex oy ya yypa ypae ypae poea, a e poco cepa, o opoc op.

Ba epe p ooy oy, o aox eeapx a o ypae poea oe po ooo cape aepa.

pacpex ao ypae poea ce ac o oo acoo cyece ac ee PMBOK 4  oooe caa, oca coepa poea, ee eoe opaa ayo, a ae epe ocae eo  ea cexoepo ..

Tae a ec, coee a Ba pe co paec o "oya" ooe PMBOK 3 e xoe cpay oy ooe poeyp PMBOK 4. 

Ka apepa Microsoft eo pe PMBOK 4

apepa Microsoft ceye ye aa eo pe PMBOK 4 ae o oaoo xoa.

"oea coecoc" PMBOK 4 c epeo eoa ypae IT-poea ooe eo ye aa pe a pae.

Hecepe, o oe IT-eeep e pa PMBOK 3 a a e o oaac a Ba epe a "oya" PMBOK 3 peaa yx poecco.

Ceac ce o cpaeo. opao acpoaoe epaoe apoae coae pooa- o PMBOK 4. c PMBOK 4 ee oe aeceoe ocae poecco opaa aaecx pao, eo co oo Collect Requirements. B o ae PMBOK 4 co e oo oa, o epea oe ace IT-eo.

oo pyo a c apepo Microsoft o ooo cooa PMBOK 4 a cpeca opo ocyao, oope cya ocaoa. Koa oopa oe aa a ec-oepoa oe ocaoo xopoe, oao oee ocya oy ca oee e y acpax peaeo. Ka pao ocaoe oa aepecoa oe aeca pao, ooy a ypoe aao ocyaa copee ceo aee oepy cooa PMBOK 4 a caapa.

Tpeoa PMBOK 4 ece opee, ooy pa eo a caap oo a ce ea o pco eaecex peaeo. Kpoe oo, PMBOK 4 ooe ( ae oae!) a po o pe peaea ca a pooa poee pee ocyaa oaa o o paoae e o ce  eee cxe.

cooa aaa PMBOK 4 a caap ye ceac?

3aaa pee o ypae poea co PMBOK 4 ep ye ceac. 3a ocaec ecoo ece ye ee e pec.

PMBOK 4 aae a opo ye epec ex, o aaae pee o poeoy ypae, .. oaeca opo poca ee aopoa oe pc.

3aa poeoo ypae a pao e coco "oya" PMBOK 3 yaec ex poeypx yaax a ypoe caapo. 

ae opa ae a coae pooa PMBOK 4, a cpeco pae aoc aeca poex pee ocyao.

Ee pa opaa ae, o papaoa pooa o PMBOK 4 aaec cpay oce caa poea (Project Charter) ae o cx "Koe". Caaa poee pee o ae epo poepe a oe, a oo ye oyepoa.

eppye MSF MS Project PMBOK 4

M ca apaee ooc xoy PMBOK 4, .. a ye oeaoc e coea epay eoy Microsoft Solution Framework oo e ae oo c PMBOK 4.

Opaae ae, o epe MS Project eec ceaa aaa MSF c oo eoec apaoa, x xoeoc coxpa, o p o coc caap PMI.

M ye coppepoa co eoy epe poeoo ypae ceyx oeax:

  • oooa caa o peoa PMBOK 4 c aeo a eocpa oep cocopa eeepy poea
  • Beee ea aepecoax peee cpae ypae cexoepoa o peoa PMBOK 4
  • poeee cex o epop o copy peoa, aex PMBOK 4, a coae pooa oyc-py.
  • Ocae opacex ec-poecco ypae poea coaco peoa PMBOK 4
  • cooae oyeo PMBOK 4 o pacopa ex peoa, a apy pacopa.
  • Beee poopoa a peax Time Series oya o eye coco poea.
  • peee eo Moe Kapo p ypae pca pacee eocao PERT a ocoe peoa PMBOK 4
  • peee  cooece c PMBOK 4 ax aoo oyeo o oe poecca

PMBOK 4 opeoa paec oo epee eoecx apaoo PM Consulting Services ceax cooec c PMBOK 3 MSF. M xoe e eoece oce PMI Microsoft e eppoaoo eoecoo aea, oo PMBOK 4 oo cea "cae" eo e ox paoo PMBOK.

Bepoo co e co poecc aaa o yco oae pye oa ceapyec a epe pee oac poeoo ypae.

Caee o o a oo copee epe a epeoo caap PMI pea Ba. Cpaea opa pae oea. 

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